Human Resources » Secondary Traumatic Stress

Secondary Traumatic Stress

What is Secondary Traumatic Stress?

Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) is “the emotional distress that arises when someone vicariously experiences the traumatic experiences of another individual. Sometimes known as compassion fatigue, the toll of tending to someone’s painful experiences can create very real symptoms in caregivers, including teachers.” (The Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development)


Why is it important to prevent and address STS in the workforce?

The Washington State Legislature recently passed an initiative (HB 1363) to address secondary trauma in the K-12 workforce. This legislation acknowledges the significant toll STS has on educators, and subsequently on students. Educators often experience STS more than other professions due to the persistent exposure to and caretaking of students with emotionally painful experiences. Symptoms of STS may include feelings of isolation, anxiety, dissociation, physical ailments, and sleep disturbances. This can lead to staff turnover, burnout, adult chronic absenteeism, and health issues which negatively impacts everyone in the school community.


The White River School District (“District”) is committed to preventing and addressing STS for personnel by supporting mental health in the workplace and promoting a positive workplace climate that includes a focus on diversity and inclusion.


Where can I find resources and more information?